Agriculture or Farming can be seen as the transitional line between wild environment and human civilization. Ideal farming practice is to maintain the fine balance of the natural environment while meeting the human needs.
But of late, with growth of human population especially since the industrial age, the demand for food has disturbed this natural balance in an alarming way. In Indian context, around the middle of 20th century, agricultural yield started growing after introduction of synthetic fertilizers and other inorganic inputs. Alongside came the pests and pesticides with their ever-increasing footprints.
Our agricultural field or farmland is not meant to be a chemical factory where you put in chemicals and the plants would process those to produce as much food for you. On the contrary increasing use of inorganic components like fertilizers, pesticides etc makes their obvious “toxic” mark on the soil and total ecology, which in the long run spoils the soil and reduces the yield. The degradation of organic carbon alone has contributed in escalation of pest and nematode population to an alarming level.
Our crop or fruit is a component of the existing eco system, which has been providing the necessary energy to keep the entire human race alive from eternity. We can enrich this natural ecosystem by enhancing the soil fertility without use of chemical components but just with bio-organic soil modulation. This is known as bio-organic farming, which not only would result in increase in yield but also would improve life.
The essential plant nutrients carbon (C), oxygen (O) and hydrogen (H) are absorbed directly from the air by the plant itself, whereas other nutrients including nitrogen are typically obtained from the soil as nutrients.
Primary Macronutrients: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K)
Secondary Macronutrients: calcium (Ca), sulfur (S), magnesium (Mg)
Micronutrients (or trace minerals): sodium (Na), boron (B), chlorine (Cl), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), and cobalt (Co)
The macronutrients are consumed in larger quantities; hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon contribute to over 95% of a plants’ entire biomass on a dry matter weight basis. Micronutrients are present in plant tissue in quantities measured in parts per million, ranging from 0.1 to 200 ppm, or less than 0.02% dry weight.
Most soil conditions across the world can provide plants adapted to that climate and soil with sufficient nutrition for a complete life cycle, without the addition of nutrients as fertilizer. However, if the soil is cropped it is necessary to artificially modify soil fertility through the addition of fertilizer to promote growth and sustain yield.
Growth of all organisms depend on the availability of nutrient including Nitrogen which is required in large amount as an essential component of proteins, nucleic acids & other cellular constituents. There is an abundant supply of nitrogen as gas in the earth's atmosphere. However, N2 is unavailable for use by most organisms like plants and animals because there is a triple bond between the two nitrogen atoms, making the molecule almost inert.
Micro-organisms have a central role in almost all aspects of nitrogen availability and thus for life support on earth: some bacteria can convert N2 into ammonia (NH3) or nitrate (NO3) ions by the process termed nitrogen fixation. Other bacteria bring about transformations of ammonia to nitrate and of nitrate to N2 or other nitrogen gases. Many micro-organisms degrade organic matter, releasing fixed nitrogen for reuse by other organisms.
Plant system does not have bones or teeth but still they need enormous quantities of phosphate. The elemental DNA and RNA structure of the plant show phosphate linkages as basic back bones.
However the most important role of phosphate is perhaps in Adenosine-tri-phosphate or ATP. ATP is known as the energy currency in living kingdom. All active and passive action in living world like muscular movement, growing, budding, flowering etc, are biochemical reactions. Almost all these biochemical reaction are powered by the free energy available from hydrolysis of ATP.
Phosphate is abundant in soil, biological compost, rocks, and in water. But often phosphate is not freely absorbable by plants as they exists as inert in nature. So adding Phosphate to the soil does not mean adding phosphate to the plant. Many live form such as PSB or phosphate solubilising bacteria, they produce extra cellular enzymes namely Phytase, which converts inert phosphate to active phosphate for the plants.
Presence of good number of Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria and Micro-Organisms which can solubilise Phosphate increases the fertility and the life of the soil.
Earths ecosystems have been recycling mineral nutrients back into the production of living matter sustainably for billions of years.
We offer two bio-organic soil modulators;
BOM Biomics - a biofertilizer with supreme efficacy that completely suffices the need of primary macro nutrients of the plant &
BOM -Tonic - a plant health regulator that helps the plant absorb the other macro and micro nutrients. Together they provide a healthy nourishment for the plant’s growth and uncompromised yield.