Since World War II, organophosphate and other synthetic chemicals have been introduced as inexpensive, easy-to-use and so-called effective method for controlling insects or pests. But most of these insecticides are now proven to be toxic to many beneficial nontarget species, including humans and wildlife. Moreover most of the insect pests have developed resistance to Chemical Insecticides causing terrible imbalance in the pest predator ratio. Their over use in the past few decades has not only contaminated the environment but also disturbed the fine balance of nature.
BOM Life believes in restoring the natural balance with effective organic farming practices but without compromising on the yield.
Our mission is to promote systematic bio control mechanism for protection of crop with environment friendly management of pests and plant diseases.
Following the principles of Bio-dynamics all our products are natural, eco friendly Bio Pesticide/ Fungicide, which have no or negligible impact on the non-target pests, non-resistant to insects or pests and safe to human.
Biological control is a bio effector-method of controlling pests (including insects, mites, weeds and plant diseases) using other living organisms. It relies on predation, parasitism, herbivory, or other natural mechanisms but typically also involves an active human management role.
A slightly broader definition of "biocontrol" includes any related management activity that is designed to protect or conserve natural enemies.
Natural enemies of insect pests, also known as biological control agents, include predators, parasitoids, and pathogens. Biological control agents of plant diseases are most often referred to as antagonists. Biological control agents of weeds include seed predators, herbivores and plant pathogens.
Natural control strategies that employ biological agents for pest suppression are generally classified as biological control tactics. In conventional usage, this term usually refers to the practice of rearing and releasing natural enemies: parasites, predators or pathogens.
Predators, such as lady beetles and lacewings, are mainly free-living species that consume a large number of prey during their lifetime. Parasitoids are species whose immature stage develops on or within a single insect host, ultimately killing the host. Many species of wasps and some flies are parasitoids. Pathogens are disease-causing organisms including bacteria, fungi, and viruses. They kill or debilitate their host and are relatively specific to certain insect groups. Each of these natural enemy groups is discussed in much greater detail in following sections.
Biocontrol agents include a wide variety of life forms, including vertebrates like birds, frog; invertebrates like beneficial insects, fungi and microorganisms. These beneficial species are common in most natural communities and, although their presence is often unnoticed, they help maintain the "balance of nature" by regulating the density of their host or prey population. Insect species often become "pests" when this ecological balance is disrupted by natural events or human intervention.
Importation or "classical biological control" involves the introduction of a pest's natural enemies to a new locale where they do not occur naturally.
Foreign exploration is conducted to identify and collect natural enemies in the country from which an exotic pest has been introduced. Following the discovery of a potential biocontrol agent, it undergoes extensive evaluation to insure that its ecology and host range are compatible with the community to which it will be introduced and that it will not become a pest once it is released. Suitable candidates are reared and released in the new habitat in hopes that they will become established and suppress the pest population.
Classical biological control is long lasting and inexpensive. When a natural enemy is successfully established it rarely requires additional input and it continues to kill the pest with no direct help from humans.
A variety of management activities can be used to optimize the survival and/or effectiveness of natural enemies. Conservation activities might include reducing or eliminating insecticide applications to avoid killing natural enemies, staggering harvest dates in adjacent fields or rows to insure a constant supply of hosts (prey), providing shelter or artificial housing, planting alternative food sources like nectar-rich plants to improve survival of beneficial species.
Conservation strategies include providing of host plants (plants on which organisms can lay their eggs), mixed plantings with attractant/ repellant/ trap plants as flowering borders.
Augmentation involves the supplemental release of natural enemies, boosting the naturally occurring population. Relatively few natural enemies may be released at a critical time of the season (inoculative release) or millions may be released (inundative release).
Periodic releases of the parasitoid, Encarsia formosa, are used to control whitefly, and the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis is used for control of the two-spotted spider mite. Lady beetles, lacewings, or parasitoids such as those from the genus Trichogramma are frequently released in large numbers (inundative release). Recommended release rates for Trichogramma in vegetable or field crops range from 5,000 to 200,000 per acre (1 to 50 per square metre) per week. Similarly, entomopathogenic nematodes are released at rates of millions and even billions per acre for control of certain soil-dwelling insect pests.
Biological control is a particularly appealing pest control alternative because, unlike most other tactics, it does not always have to be reapplied each time a pest outbreak occurs. Biological control is also the only control tactic that increases, rather than decreases, the species diversity within an agro ecosystem. This increased diversity often results in greater stability because wild fluctuations in population density are less common in communities with a diverse food web.
Biological control is not a "quick fix" for most pest problems. Beneficial insects are often highly sensitive to pesticides and their “resurgence” is usually much slower than that of pest populations. Continued chemical usage that prevents natural enemies from becoming reestablished often leads to pest resurgence.
Perhaps the greatest potential for future progress in biological control lies in improving the success of microbial pathogens. These organisms attack a narrow range of insect hosts, they are not hazardous to humans or domestic animals, and they do not pose a threat to the environment.
The suspensions of spores, toxins, or virus particles can be mixed with water and sprayed onto crops just like conventional insecticides. In many cases, microbial insecticides are better than conventional insecticides because they suppress pest populations without eliminating natural populations of predators and parasites.
A great deal of research is still going on for us to benefit from the full potential of biocontrol. Clearly, there are major changes in biocontrol that lie just over the horizon.
BIO Control methodologies require an active human management role that involves regular inspection, evaluation and decision making.
It requires a great deal of knowledge dissemination and availability of bio-control agents, for our farmers to educate themselves and adapt to this new methodology. In a traditional agrarian country like India, this can do wonders when the advancements of bio-science get amalgamated with the wisdom and common sense of our farmers.
BOM Life is closely collaborating with scientists and institutions working on Bio Control and Integrated Pest Management to prepare Bio Control Modules for different fruit crops like Apple, Pomegranate etc, for vegetables like Tomato, Cabbage, Cauliflower etc, for grains like Wheat, Rice, Maize etc.
We are conducting our on field trials to prepare robust Bio-control modules which will be uploaded on our website soon.